Main Problem Of Indonesian Labor Main Problem Of Indonesian Labor On this occasion we will provide several articles relating to the discussion of the Main Problems of Labor in Indonesia. Some articles that we will present to you this time, can be very helpful if you want to find information related to the main problems of labor in Indonesia. And on this occasion we will provide several articles that discuss and review the main problems of labor in Indonesia.

1. Low labor productivity
Fadhil said as much as 60 percent of Indonesian workers work in the informal sector such as and have an impact on Indonesia’s economic downturn. “Total productivity contributions from non-capital factors to economic growth are also low,” Fadhil said in Pejaten, Jakarta, Thursday (3/14).

2. Although many work, their level of education is minimal
The number of workers in Indonesia reached 131.55 million with absorption of 124.54 million or reaching 94 percent. Even though it is seen, a good problem arises because when viewed from the workforce, around 57 percent of Indonesian people who work have junior high school education and below.

Based on the 2018 national labor force survey (Sakernas) reported by Indef, 14.93 percent of workers came from those with less than elementary school education; 24.55 percent of elementary school graduates; and 17.98 percent of junior high school graduates.

“This figure is even more sad when seeing those who graduated from vocational high school, high school, even diplomas and universities get lower labor rates. Respectively 10.72 percent, 11.76 percent, 2.8 percent and 9.45 percent, “explained Fadhil.

3. Ability is not in accordance with what the world of work is asking for
Have you ever applied for a job but it turns out you have a lot of skills or abilities outside or didn’t you learn in college? This is the third problem of employment: labor supply is not in line with industry needs.

“Nowadays people who graduate from vocational or tertiary institutions when entering the labor market need a variety of training to improve their skills,” Fadhil said. Drive expects the business community to play a role in mobilizing education. “The workforce meets the needs of those who need the workforce, which happens to be supply driven. The government or the private sector which organizes the workforce should do demand drivers, “said Fadhil.

4. Where does the biggest unemployment come from?
In the discussion, Fadhil also explained from what level the unemployment was the most which reached a total of 7.01 million people. Referring to the 2018 Sakernas data, the most unemployed came from high school and vocational school by 28 and 25 percent. The highest unemployment rate is then followed by junior, elementary, university, elementary and diploma education, respectively 16 percent, 13 percent, 10 percent, 5 percent and 3 percent. “This is what causes problems in the productivity of our workforce,” said Fadhil .

“All you have to do is download the application via the device and just fill in the job vacancy application offered. Job application filling can also be done while playing to the mall, “said Head of the Workforce Placement Division in Bogor, Joko Sumarno, after receiving a comparative study group of work placements and work information on the Manpower and Transmigration Office of Bantul Regency in the Office of Manpower, Regency of Bogor, West Java, last Friday 1 March.

1. The Bogor Carrier Canter application was launched in mid-2019
According to him, the number of job seekers in Bogor Regency from SMK graduates reached around 33 thousand people. If only 50 percent want to work, then every year there are job requests reaching more than 15 thousand people.

“That’s just from the number of SMK graduates in Bogor reaching 330 schools, not yet added from D3 and S1 graduates who are also hunting for jobs,” he said.

Before the Bogor Carrier Center application is launched in April 2019, along with the job fair that takes place on 4-7 April 2019, the Bogor Carrier Center website will be launched first.

“In the Bogor Carrier Center application, all job market information and new job placements are limited to companies established in Bantul Regency, and have collaborated with the Bogor Regency Manpower Office,” he said.

2. Manpower offices can monitor job seekers’ failures and find solutions
Applicants who submit applications through the Bogor Carrier Center application, do not simply be released after filling the requirements, all of which have used a digital system. However, Manpower Office will also monitor the level to which applicants complete the stages that must be passed, until they are accepted as employees of a company.

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“For example, there are applicants who fail in the practical test phase, then the Manpower Office will direct applicants to attend training at the Manpower Training Center so that when applying again in the same position, the possibility of being accepted is greater,” he explained.

3. Don’t let the citizens of Bogor become spectators
Furthermore Joko said, the number of job fairs in Bogor was also very limited with the number of prospective applicants, so competition was very tight. Moreover, the minimum wage in the regency or UMK in Bogor Regency reaches Rp 3.4 million per month, affecting many job seekers from outside Bogor.

“Yes, if it is not anticipated the residents of Bogor Regency themselves will only be spectators, because they lose qualifications with job seekers from outside the area,” he said.

4. Have a description of the solution to employment problems in Bantul
The Head of the Work Placement, Work Expansion and Transmigration Division of the Bantnak Disnakertrans, Istirul Widalastuti said, one of the comparative studies was to find solutions to problems in Bantul Regency, which had been overcome by other governments such as the Bogor Regency Government.

“Of course, with the number of 3,000 companies that can accommodate millions of workers, they have more experience in dealing with labor problems and solutions, and we can learn lessons such as the Bogor Carrier Center application,” Istirul said.

To catch up with the Bogor District Government, it is not as easy as turning a hand, because to calculate the number of unemployed, the number of the workforce, the number of companies that provide jobs must coordinate with other agencies even outside the government.

“Now for applications such as the Bogor Carrier Center that can be accessed by a device, it is certainly a challenge for HR in the Department of Manpower and Transmigration,” he said.

Dark Side Of Children Worker Dark Side Of Children Worker On this occasion we will provide several articles relating to the discussion of the Sad Facts of Child Labor in the World. And on this occasion we will provide several articles that discuss and review the Sad Facts of Child Labor in the World

1. What is the definition of child labor?
Before going any further, let’s get to know about child labor first. Child labor refers to the exploitation of child labor which prevents them from going to school and going to school. Not only that, employing children is also dangerous, both in terms of physical, mental, social and moral.

However, not all work is considered dangerous for children, as long as it does not interfere with their health, school and personal development. For example, helping parents at home, helping family businesses to get pocket money outside school hours or during holidays, said the official website of the ILO. Because these activities can give them skills and experience and self-maturity.

2. What age is categorized as child labor?
What age can be categorized as child labor? According to the ILO convention in 1973, child labor refers to all work done by children under 12 years of age, heavy work done by children aged 12 years and dangerous work done by children aged 15- 17 years. This convention has been ratified and agreed by 171 countries.

In some countries, the application of the age of child labor can vary. For example, according to the Child and Youth Labor Act in India, the minimum age limit for children to work is 14 years. Meanwhile, the United States issued an amendment that allows children aged 14-18 years to work. In fact, in developed countries like the Netherlands, children as young as 12 years old can work as baby sitting and their income can be for additional allowance.

3. How many child laborers in the world?
Without you knowing, there are many child laborers around the world! According to the United Nations (UN), there are currently 218 million child workers worldwide. Many of them end up dropping out of school and do not have time to play like children in general.

Meanwhile, in Indonesia there were around 1.6 million child laborers in 2015, according to the Minister of Manpower, Hanif Dhakiri. They work in various fields, ranging from the domestic sector, palm oil industry to tobacco plantations, said the Coconuts website. Even so, the Ministry of Manpower in cooperation with the ILO promises to eradicate child labor in 2022.

4. What areas are prohibited by child labor?
There are some dangerous fields and children should not be entered. However, sometimes reality says otherwise. These areas include slavery, trafficking and forced labor, prostitution, pornography, production and trafficking of illegal drugs and narcotics to those related to armed conflict, the ILO stated on its official website.

In addition, children are also prohibited from doing work that endangers health, safety and morals, such as working with dangerous machinery and equipment, work that exposes children to hazardous chemicals, work that puts children at risk of physical, psychological and sexual abuse, to work that exploits labor to exceed normal hours.

5. Countries with problems with child labor
Child labor is a problem in almost all countries. However, there are some countries that treat child labor worse than others. Among these are Somalia, Pakistan, Nigeria, Myanmar, Liberia, India, Ethiopia, Congo, Chad and Bangladesh, according to the World Atlas website.

The reasons vary. For example, in Bangladesh many children who work at an early age because of poverty that ensnare. Forced, they must work to help the family economy. In Bangladesh, it is common to find child labor in the fields of garment, agriculture and others. In Congo, children are even forced into the armed forces and threatened by sexual harassment. Horrified?

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6. The cause is not only poverty, but also other factors!
As you might guess, poverty is the main factor causing the emergence of child labor. Because living in financial deprivation, children are forced to work to help the family economy. In addition, unreachable school fees and poor quality education also encourage children to become laborers. Inadequate school facilities and distances that are too far are also a trigger.

Another cause is cultural beliefs that regard work as good for developing children’s character and skills. If the parent is a businessman, then it is a tradition that the child will continue the business. As a result, children are forced to work at a very early age.

7. The clothes you wear can be made by children, you know!
Without you knowing, some fashion lines employ children as laborers! For example, what happens to some well-known fashion brands that we often see in shopping centers. Activists call some of the fashion lines employing children as cotton pickers and clothing tailors. The child laborers come from various countries, such as Bangladesh, Uzbekistan and Myanmar.

The same was true for the GAP label which involved child labor problems in 2007. Apparently, this was done by fraudulent subcontractors and included child labor without agreement. Afterwards, GAP issued a policy to expel child labor and provide wages and access to schools, explained the Guardian website.

Compatible Laws With Japanese Workers Compatible Laws With Japanese Workers On this occasion we will provide several articles relating to the discussion of the Law on Workers Compatible with Japanese Workers’ Needs. Some articles that we will present to you this time, can be very helpful if you want to find information related to the Workers Laws In Japanese Workers  Needs.

The Indonesian Parliament Migrant Workers Supervision Team delegation led by Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives Fahri Hamzah noted Law No. 18/2017 on the Protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers (PPMI Law) can answer the needs of various destination countries for the placement of PMI especially Japan.

“Japan is entering the ‘aging population’ phase so the workforce is declining while there is a great need for preparations for the 2020 Olympics. Indonesia must take advantage of this and the PPMI Act carries out the maximum protection function for Indonesian workers,” Fahri Hamzah said in Tokyo on Tuesday (6/11).

1. Japan will add 500 thousand foreign workers
A few days ago, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe had approved a bill that made it easier for foreign workers to work in Japan. After the bill is passed, it is estimated there will be an additional 500,000 professional foreign workers who can work in the land of Sakura.

“Japan can be an ideal model (in the treatment of foreign workers) because they have a strict and tiered selection system, very good wages and an internship program is provided,” Fahri Hamzah added.

2. DPR PMI timwas active in visiting various countries
Since the PPMI Law was ratified the Indonesian Parliament PMI Monitoring Team has been actively visiting various countries which are the main objectives of Indonesian workers. In addition to using the opportunity to gather field facts with embassies, employers and suppliers, Timwas PMI also used the opportunity to dialogue with Indonesian workers.

The opportunity to meet the government and parliament of the country visited was used to convey the mandate of the Act and conduct diplomacy for the interests of Indonesia.

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3. Providing training for Indonesian workers in Japan
Indonesian Migrant Workers Supervisory Team Indonesian House of Representatives were in Japan for three days starting November 5, 2018 with members of the delegation Abidin Fikri (FPDIP), Ketut Sustiawan (FPDIP), Dave Fikarno (FPG), Andi Fauziah (FPG), Elnino M. Husein (FGERINDRA) , Anton Sukartono (FPD), Saleh Daulay (FPAN), Ahmad Zainuddin (FPKS), Ermalena (FPPP) and Irma Suryani (FNASDEM).

During the supervision work, Timwas held meetings with training providers for Indonesian workers in Japan, meetings with the Japanese Ministry of Manpower, and PMI employers in several sectors. On the sidelines of the agenda, the PMI Timwas met face to face with interns at a metal factory in Seitama and several nurse workers who are currently urgently needed in Japan.

Worker From Philippines Commit Suicide At Kuwait Worker From Philippines Commit Suicide At Kuwait On this occasion we will provide several articles that are related to the discussion of Suicide OF Philippines Workers in Kuwait. And on this occasion we will provide several articles that discuss and review about Workers from the Philippines Commit Suicide Kuwait

Reported by the BBC, the suspension policy was taken on Friday (01/19/2018) or the day after President Rodrigo Duterte claimed that the treatment of abusive employers in the Gulf country had resulted in four domestic servants to commit suicide.

Duterte further said that he knew that many Filipino women who had experienced sexual harassment in the oil-rich country, and said “it can no longer be accepted”.

1. In early 2018, a Filipino worker in Kuwait named Marife Librada was found dead in his room
Kuwait’s Deputy Foreign Minister, Khaled al-Jarallah, said he was “shocked and mourning” at Duterte’s remarks. While saying that legal proceedings have been taken in the case of the four domestic servants mentioned by the Philippine President.

“We have started direct contact with Philippine authorities to check the extent of this statement as well as to try to refute the wrong information contained in it,” Jarallah said.

Jarallah gave details that there were more than 170 thousand Filipino workers in Kuwait, and guaranteed that all were protected by anti-harassment laws.

2. There are more than 250 thousand Filipinos who make a living in Kuwait, most of them working as domestic helpers
The Philippines Secretary of Labor, Silvestre Belo, on the same occasion said there were still six or seven other cases under investigation. But he did not give further details or say when the case occurred.

Previously, unrest arose when the body of a Filipino woman suspected of suicide was returned to her hometown. Reported by the Nikkei Asian Review, the family said that his body was found to be signs of sexual harassment and there were organs missing.

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According to the Philippine Foreign Ministry, there are more than 250 thousand Filipinos who make a living in Kuwait. Most are employed as domestic helpers and laborers.

3. Wages promise to keep foreign workers coming to the Middle East, but not a few who even get unpleasant treatment from their employers
They are among the 2.3 million Filipinos who are recorded working abroad. Besides Kuwait, other destination countries are United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Saudi Arabia.

The salary they send back to their families can reach more than US $ 2 billion (Rp. 26.6 trillion) each year.

It is their money that is considered one of the main economic drivers and makes the Philippines crowned the fastest growing country in the world.

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The only courage is courage that takes us from one moment to another. It’s true that courage is like a weapon that makes us tough against all the fears that hold us in passive situations and conditions.

Wanting to change one’s destiny for the better is the aspiration of many people, and to get good fortune many of us are competing to try their fortune in a place far from family. Here are 6 facts that female workers are “strong”:

1. Sacrificing personal interests
The greatest strength of that woman is the deep love of the family. Someone who loves him so deeply will give him courage. With the capital of determination and courage, they are able to sacrifice their personal interests to struggle to earn a fortune to go abroad for the future of their children.

It is not impossible as long as their soul mates give full trust and keep their promises to remain faithful while they wander. It is very hard indeed, but as time goes by we are required to work hard to achieve a prosperous life.

Despite having to cry in a smile, the woman will still look strong through her days working tirelessly.

2. Trying to be strong even in difficult situations
Motto is better to be a chicken’s head than a dragon’s tail, it is very obvious when we are in a difficult situation. When we decide to become a dragon’s tail, we must be prepared to get lots of great clashes that often hurt us mentally. The desire for the process of life that must be lived.

We, women who work must remain strong in facing even the most difficult situations. It is very important for our mental health, and our success, that we are in control.

3. Continue to struggle even if ignored
Because of determination, the woman will continue to struggle even if ignored in other countries. They believe the struggle carried out will definitely produce results. Neglected in their sense as if they were part of a weak group of people when in fact they are hidden pearls that finally shine when they achieve success.

How come many of them eventually became successful entrepreneurs, with the capital they got, they ventured to open restaurants or become successful cattle ranchers. And it is real! Not easy either?

4. A strong drive to change fate
Act as if we really made a difference. I am sure those who choose to work in other countries have almost the same goals. And indeed that is the case, there is such a strong impulse that overcomes doubt because they realize that happiness is created by their own hands. Whatever the form of happiness, they feel they have a responsibility to make life better.

They think then take action when God gives a test in their lives. Acting to make major changes that will ultimately lead to success. A theory that is created without real practice will only disappear in a gust of wind, but a tough woman will definitely take real action, and certainly not just a theory huh?

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5. Have high patience
Life contains so many simple blessings. Every day brings its own magic. The woman is patient, waits for time, endures longing, and saves sorrow. His patience makes them able to survive for a long time in the land of people, and they calmly dismiss all dreams with loved ones. Neatly store in the heart and believe the time will come to reunite with them.

There are still many tasks that must be completed, sometimes in the midst of their busy lives they always slip a prayer “may God always give me patience”. That’s a woman, though considered weak but they turned out to be “strong” huh?

6. Has strong talent
Talent is one of God’s gifts, with the talent that is owned will really help us do many activities. for those who work away from home, not only with determination and courage? armed with strong talent is also very necessary to facilitate the work.

For migrant workers they are usually equipped with a lot of training from many things, especially languages. It is difficult indeed, because it has to go through various tests in writing and practice. But indeed this has become one of the processes that must be done. Well? For those of you who work away from home, don’t forget to pray and be very clever to bring yourself huh?

England Refusing Uneducated Worker England Refusing Uneducated Worker On this occasion we will provide a number of articles relating to the discussion on the UK Rejecting Stupid Labor. Some articles that we will present to you this time, can be very helpful if you want to find information related to the UK Rejecting Stupid Labor

1. Cheap labor will end
According to the government, with this strict policy, the period when workers are paid cheaply to work in factories, hotels and restaurants will end. Meanwhile, industry and business owners accused London of trying to ravage the economy.

They warned the government of “very bad” consequences such as job losses and factory closures as a result of the policy. Politicians from the Labor Party and the Liberal Democrats criticized him. Health sector workers who are members of Unison rate it “gave birth to an absolute disaster in the health service sector”.

2. European Union citizens or not, migrants will be treated the same
The significance of the policy towards the European Union is also considered large. Because the Ministry of Internal Affairs stressed that EU citizens will get the same treatment as those who were not in the UK. This was implemented immediately after the EU and UK agreement ended on 31 December.

According to the new rules, educated workers are people who attend school up to A-level in the British or Scottish education system. The profession of servants and some types of work in agriculture will be eliminated from the educated category, but there are new additions namely carpenters, plasters and baby sitters.

For those who wish to work in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), are required to get at least 70 points earned, among others, from job offers by approved sponsors (20 points), English language skills (20 points) and has a PhD in relevant subjects. Minimum income is IDR 364 million per year.

3. The government defends itself by saying this policy is to encourage talented people
UK Home Secretary Priti Patel told the BBC Breakfast program that the government did this to “encourage people with the right talent” and “reduce the number of people coming to the UK with low levels of education”.

He also added that business owners could recruit employees of eight potential British workers who were “economically inactive”. The British government itself insists it will not open up other channels for workers with low education or those who are underpaid.

Britain has ordered business owners to “adapt” to end freedom of movement between Britain and the European Union. The government also argues that what they are doing now is realizing Brexit as requested by citizens during referendums and elections.

1. Photos released to mark the beginning of the decade
In the portrait, Queen Elizabeth is seen posing with a smile while carrying the handbag that she wore on several occasions. Standing behind him was Prince Charles who was his first successor.

Then, there is Prince William who is the first son of Prince Charles and the late Princess Diana. Next to Queen Elizabeth is her grandson, Prince George, who is the first child of the couple Prince William and Kate Middleton. The uploaded photo marks the beginning of the decade.

2. The first formal photo since 2016
These four people are very rarely seen in a formal photo of the kingdom. The last time this happened was in 2016. It was the moment of Queen Elizabeth’s birthday. Prince George was also two years old and seemed to stand holding his father’s hand.

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Previously, to commemorate Christmas, Buckingham Palace had released photos of members of the royal family in a relaxed atmosphere. In that portrait, the moment that you want to be served is making cakes. Prince George was photographed in a state of stirring the dough.

3. Most likely the photo was taken at the same moment
If you pay attention to the clothes worn by Queen Elizabeth, Prince Charles, Prince William and Prince George, it can be assumed that the latest portrait released by the kingdom was taken at the same time as the photo before Christmas.

The photographer himself is Ranald Mackechnie. At another time, the kingdom also uploaded a photo of Queen Elizabeth sitting at a table containing photographs of her family, including her late father, King George VI.

The public also speculated that this seemed to indicate that Queen Elizabeth wanted to immediately abdicate the throne in the near future. While her husband has resigned from his duties as a companion to the Queen of England since 2017 for health reasons.

Contractor Workers From Government Contractor Workers From Government On this occasion we will provide a number of articles relating to the discussion of the Government Employee Workers With Work Agreements. Some of the articles that we will present to you this time, can be very helpful if you want to find information related to Government Employees with a Work Agreement. And on this occasion we will provide several articles discussing and reviewing the Government Employment Workers With Work Agreements

1. Multi level entry
Unlike civil servants who have to pursue careers from the lowest position, PPPK can enter through certain levels or even directly at the highest level in the position required by the organization according to the criteria for the position specified in the PP Management PPPK.

This is possible because of the multi-level entry scheme in the PPPK selection.

Positions that can be filled by PPPK include: Certain Main JPTs, and Certain Middle JPTs that are equivalent to echelons I / a and I / b, Certain Functional Positions at all levels of positions and other positions contained in the Public Service Agency and Regional Public Service Bodies such as new state universities and regional hospitals.

2. Earnings will be equivalent to civil servants
Unlike the honorary who get a small income until there is under the UMR, PPPK will get the same income as a civil servant if it fills the same position as a civil servant.

If a PPPK fills a position of middle-level teacher, the income to be obtained is relatively the same as that of a civil servant who occupies that position. So there will be no significant income gap between civil servants and PPPK for the same position.

The income component obtained by PPPK is regulated in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.

3. Get the same facilities as civil servants
In addition to the amount of income received, PPPK will also get the same facilities as civil servants, including: death benefits and work accident benefits. In addition, PPPK is also entitled to get an award if it can show good performance

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4. The application age limit is longer
If in the selection of CPNS the maximum age of application is determined to be 35 years and 40 years for certain positions, PPPK can apply for an ASN position with an application age limit of up to 1 year before the retirement age limit for the position being applied for.

For example: for functional positions of teachers whose age limit is 60 years, the application age limit to 59 years is less (including the time required for the selection process).

For applicants who pass the selection with the age of 59 years, the work contract will be given for 1 year until the relevant person enters the age limit of the position filled.

With the extension of the application age limit, people who cannot participate in the CPNS selection because they are over 35 years old can participate in the PPPK selection.

5. Can be contracted to the retirement age limit
The employment contract for PPPK is at least 1 year and can be extended according to the needs of the organization to the retirement age limit, taking into account the performance evaluation annually. If the performance is considered good, the work contract can be extended according to the needs of the organization.

Those are the 5 advantages of being a PPPK. Is anyone interested in serving the country through the PPPK channel? The first PPPK recruitment is planned to take place in the 4th week of January 2019, so be prepared for those who are interested in the list.

Omnibus Law Effected Work Fields Omnibus Law Effected Work Fields On this occasion we will provide several articles relating to the discussion of Omnibus Law Impacting Employment. Some articles that we will present to you this time, can be very helpful if you want to find information related to the Omnibus Law Impacts on the Job Field And on this occasion we will provide several articles that discuss and review the Omnibus Law Impacts on the Job Field

1. Problems in the labor sector
In the discussion, Deniey mentioned a number of labor issues. Starting from the wage system, social security, severance pay, outsourcing, trade unions and setting minimum wages.

“Not to mention the various labor issues that until now do not have a clear legal umbrella. With its equality with the law, the Omnibus Law structure designed by the government by combining investment climate and employment needs to be reconsidered, “he said.

2. Miss and match the world of work with the world of education
In addition to the various problems above, Deniey also criticized the problem of employment mismatch between the competencies generated by the world of education and the competencies needed by the industry both vertically and horizontally.

He said vertical mismatch occurs when workers work in jobs below or above their educational qualifications. While horizontal mismatch occurs when workers work in jobs outside their field or educational competence.

Data from the International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that from 2006 to 2016, total vertical employment mismatches are in the range of 37 percent annually.

Furthermore, with the same basic data (Sakernas 2016) and specializing in tertiary education graduates, the SDGs Center of Padjajaran University revealed in his study that the level of employment mismatch among young workers, especially millennials, was quite high and even higher than generations. previous.

“In the study, it was revealed that about 45.58 percent of millennials work in jobs that are lower qualified than their background (over education) and around 16.85 percent of millennials work in jobs that are not related to their educational background or competency owned (unrelated employment), “said Deniey.

3. Impact of employment mismatch
One effect of this employment mismatch is the low level of wages. Deniey said, based on the INDEF study, related to wage disparitation showed that the higher the education level of the workforce, the higher the wage disparity.

“For example, between young and adult age groups, the disparity in wages for elementary school graduates is around 11.22 percent, while for college graduates it is around 54.99 percent,” he said.

In addition to wage disparity between age groups, wage disparity between genders is also a crucial issue in the Indonesian labor market. “Our study also indicates that there is still a high disparity in gender wages leading to discrimination,” he said.

Jokowi said the government would invite the House of Representatives to issue the Employment Copyright Law and combine a number of related laws in one law, aka the Omnibus Law. The former Governor of DKI Jakarta at that time said Omnibus Law would simplify the rules or regulations that are complicated so that it impedes investment. However, the Draft Omnibus Law reaps polemic, what are the controversies?

1. Minister of Home Affairs can fire regional heads
The authority to impose sanctions for reprimand and dismissal of regional heads by the Minister of Home Affairs is listed in Article 520. In paragraph 1 of that article, regional heads who do not carry out the national strategic program as referred to in Article 67 letter f are subjected to administrative sanctions in the form of written warnings by the Minister of Home Affairs.

In paragraph (2), the Minister of Home Affairs has the authority to dismiss for three months the regional head who does not heed the written warning. Then in paragraph (3), the Minister of Home Affairs is given full power to dismiss regional heads who are still not compliant.

Meanwhile, Mendari Tito Karnavian ensured that there was no such article in the draft omnibus law. If there is such an article, Tito will take it down from the draft omnibus law.

“First, I want a correction in the employment law omnibus bill, I have checked that there is no article regarding the dismissal of the regional head by the Minister of Home Affairs or the President. Even if there were, we would not … I as the Minister of Home Affairs requested that they be dropped (dropped), “said Tito at the DPR RI Complex, Tuesday (1/22)

Tito argued that the dismissal of the governor or regional head had been discussed in Law 23 of 2014 concerning Regional Heads. In the Act, the process of dismissing the regional head is regulated.

“Why? Because there is already a law, Law Number 23 of 2014 concerning Regional Heads, read articles 67, 68, 69, 76, to 89. It contains information that the regional head is dismissed by the President, one if he dies, two if he resigns “The third one was dismissed,” said Tito.

“One of the reasons for being dismissed is because of not implementing a national strategic program, the second is for example leaving consecutive places without permission for 7 days or not being consecutive for one month, the first warning, the second warning, it can be temporarily dismissed for three months,” he continued.

2. Severance pay will be removed
In the draft Omnibus Law Cipta Karya Kerja, there are 11 clusters, among others; simplification of licensing, investment requirements, employment, ease of empowerment and protection of MSMEs, ease of doing business, research & innovation support, government administration, imposition of sanctions, land acquisition, investment and government projects and economic zones.

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One that is also in the public spotlight is related to rumors about the draft Omnibus Law Copyright Employment Cluster, especially related to the elimination of severance pay.

The Minister of Manpower, Ida Fauziyah, denied the government would eliminate severance in the Omnibus Law. According to him, the contents of the Omnibus Law will be delivered by the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs.

“Nope. It’s not true severance pay is eliminated, “Ida said in Jakarta, Tuesday (1/14).

Meanwhile, in the draft related to the Omnibus Law draft of the employment cluster concerning Termination of Employment (PHK), it was written if the laid-off employee continued to receive layoff compensation.

The following complete contents of these rules:

Main Policies related to termination of employment (FLE):

– Continue to provide protection for workers affected by layoffs
– Workers affected by layoffs still receive layoff compensation.

a. The government added the Job Loss Guarantee (JKP) for the protection of workers who were laid off.
b. JKP provides benefits in the form of: 1) Cash Benefit, 2) Vocational Training, 3) Job Placement Access.
c. Adding JKP benefits does not add to the burden of contributions for workers and companies.
d. Workers who get JKP, will still get other social security in the form of: 1) Work Accident Insurance (JKK), 2) Old Age Insurance (JHT), 3) Pension Insurance (JP), 4) Death Insurance (JKm).
e. To provide protection for contract workers, treatment is given in the form of compensation for termination of employment.

3. The labor wage scheme is changed to hourly
The Omnibus Law also changed the rules for wage schemes per month to hourly, creating constitutional conflict. Both the 1945 Constitution and Law No. 13 of 2003 concerning Employment wage article.

The change in hourly wage schemes, according to many observers, will make the existence of UMP eroded and will slowly disappear. It is feared that the company will behave arbitrarily over the wages given to workers. Then it will have an impact on the poor.

Social security which is imposed on the existence of UMP standards, will certainly be abolished. This happens because employers feel they no longer have the responsibility for paying social security anymore.

Meanwhile, Coordinating Minister for the Economy Airlangga Hartarto said the hourly salary scheme did not apply to all workers and the state apparatus. The scheme is aimed at the service sector such as consultants and part-time workers.

“If the factory workers keep a monthly salary,” said the Coordinating Minister for Airlangga in Central Jakarta, Friday (12/27/19).

The Coordinating Minister for Airlangga explained, workers who had received monthly salaries would not be affected by this discourse. They will still be paid according to the minimum wage set.

4. Remove the minimum wage
The Chairperson of the Confederation of Indonesian Trade Unions (KSPI) Said Iqbal said there were six reasons why workers or workers rejected the Omnibus of Employment Copyright created by the government. One of them refused to abolish the minimum wage system.

“The Omnibus Law suggests that it will abolish the minimum wage system,” he said during a rally in front of the MPR, DPR and DPD RI Building in Jakarta, Monday (21/1).

He said the application of hourly wages would result in minimum wages being degraded or even lost. “Obviously it is detrimental to the workers and workers in the country,” he said.

5. The government continues to look for a balanced point Omnibus Law copyright employment
The government continues to look for a balanced point between the interests of workers and the interests of employers in the employment omnibus law.

“Looking for this balance point through joint efforts, there cannot be one party, but both parties have the same passion,” Presidential Chief of Staff Moeldoko was quoted as saying by Antara news agency on Saturday (1/25).

According to Moeldoko, the omnibus law was submitted to the Indonesian Parliament with the aim of creating jobs and structuring taxes. Omnibus law is also expected to provide certainty and comfort for workers.

Moeldoko assessed the substance of the omnibus law needs to be known in depth by the workers. He explained that understanding the substance needs to be done by sitting together explaining the direction of the omnibus law.

“It is precisely the substance circulating whose contents are incorrect. Pregnant leave is said to be eliminated, even though Mr Airlangga said no. Then more importantly there will be a meeting that can accommodate all parties, who can listen. The substance is not to be confused, “said Moeldoko.

He has held discussions with several trade unions who expressed dissatisfaction with the omnibus law creation process in employment law. Moeldoko added that President Jokowi had given instructions for the omnibus law design to listen to the aspirations of the people.

Maaruf Being Offended For Foreign Workers Case Maaruf Being Offended For Foreign Workers Case On this occasion we will provide several articles relating to the discussion of Maaruf Mentioned Regarding Foreign Workers. And on this occasion we will provide several articles that discuss and review about Maaruf Touched on Foreign Workers

Candidate vice president number 02 Sandiaga Uno, criticized the new rules related to the requirements for foreign workers who want to work in Indonesia. The intended regulation is Presidential Regulation Number 20 Year 2018.

This regulation has indeed led to protests because it is suspected to be the culprit of a flood of labor from China into the country. Sandi said that the requirements for foreign workers in the regulation were made more relaxed. One of them is that foreign workers are not required to master Indonesian. “Meanwhile, if our workers work abroad, they must adapt and hone their skills as needed,” said Sandi.

So, in the question and answer session for the vice presidential debate that was held at the Sultan Hotel, South Jakarta on Sunday (17/3) night, Sandi asked Ma’ruf Amin, why did the government allow this? However, Maruf has denied the data held by Prabowo-Sandiaga Uno’s team.

“The number of TKA (Foreign Workers) in Indonesia is controlled, in accordance with existing regulations. The amount is below 0.01 percent. That is the lowest in the whole world, “said Ma’ruf. In fact, said the head of the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), v because of domestic needs.” They occupy a position where there are no human resources at home. I think that’s the current policy, “he said.

Ma’ruf tried to dismiss the narrative made by Sandi as if foreign workers entering the country had taken over jobs for Indonesians. Meanwhile, according to Sandi, instead of opening up jobs for foreigners, they will empower the OCE OCE program to train workers in the country so that they can directly fill existing jobs.

In fact, Prabowo-Sandi, he said, would not give concessions to foreign workers. “We will ensure that they must be able to speak Indonesian. So, the standards are the same as our workforce when going abroad, “he said again.

The vice presidential debate program can also be watched live live on the IDN Times on your YouTube account / IDNTimes. The program, which began broadcasting at 19.35 West Indonesian Time, presented two speakers from both camps namely Lathifa Al Anshori from the National Campaign Team (TKN) Jokowi-Ma’ruf Amin, Handi Risza from the National winning Agency (BPN) Prabowo Subianto-Sandiaga Uno, and social observers Devie Rahmawati.

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Candidate vice president number 01, Ma’ruf Amin, revealed that his programs were related to labor. In his statement, Ma’ruf also briefly mentioned the unicorn which was previously busy in the second debate. Initially, Ma’ruf said that the unemployment rate was decreasing and now relatively low.

“First, let us be thankful that our unemployment rate has now been very low between 5.30-5.13, the lowest for 20 years. We also want to encourage the workforce to be able to master technology, especially digital, “said Ma’ruf. Ma’ruf also explained about infrastructure development in the Jokowi era that succeeded in building the Palapa Ring.

“Especially the government has been able to build land, sea and sky infrastructure. Through the Palapa Ring so as to grow businesses such as start-ups and even Unicorns. Even now Decacorn. So the workforce must be prepared to be better prepared, “he said.

The third Presidential Election Debate only brought together two candidates, namely vice presidential candidates from the ranks 01 and 02. In this debate the theme of education, health, employment, social and culture will also be discussed. The third debate was held at Sultan Hotel, Central Jakarta, starting at 20:00 WIB.

Swedish Is Full Of IT Workforce Swedish Is Full Of IT Workforce On this occasion we will provide several articles related to the discussion on Swedish Deportation of Foreign Workers in the IT Field. And on this occasion we will provide several articles that discuss and review about Sweden Deportation of Foreign Workers in the IT Field

Maintaining a highly skilled foreign workforce is very important for countries like Sweden. But when a deported worker sues the state, the record of refusing a state that understands technology becomes the spotlight.

Ali Omumi has bought an apartment and a car, attended a Swedish language course, enrolled his child in a daycare center and has even improved his skiing skills to welcome the freezing temperatures.

But even though his family had come to Sweden for more than three years, and the fact that he was highly paid as a senior employee in one of the leading power and technology companies, Ali Omumi was ordered to leave the country.

“This makes me very frustrated, for my wife this is the beginning of a deep depression,” complained the engineering sales specialist, who is from Iran.

Omumi, who was then 38 years old, was given the final order to immediately leave the country in 2018 after failing to appeal the Swedish Migration Agency’s decision.

Officials refuse registration of work permit extension based on administrative errors made by the software company that previously hired him, ie failed to show the correct coverage data.

“Deportation makes me feel ” I’m a criminal ‘- while I know very well that I’m not a criminal. I come to work and pay taxes, and I bring my experience and money. “

Sweden lacks talented people
Sweden experiences a shortage of quality graduates in many fields, including in engineering and programming, which means employers are increasingly looking beyond national borders and the European Union to fill the gap.

Work permits – which are required for non-EU workers – are initially linked to certain jobs, but those who want to move companies can start new jobs while waiting for the visa extension process.

However, hundreds of refusal requests for an extension of permit experienced by many non-EU workers such as Ali, due to minor administrative errors made by the previous company during their stay.

Aside from insurance issues, other errors that cause deportation include mistakes in pension payments, taking too much or too little time off, or even registering jobs through LinkedIn that are not offered by the Swedish Public Employment Service.

Sweden calls this deportation competitive competence, which means “the expulsion of those who have the skills needed in the labor market”, and the problem is that this hot topic has been going on for a long time, especially in the rapidly developing field of technology.

The deportation of one of Pakistan’s developers in 2016 triggered a petition signed by more than 10,000 people, including Spotify’s founder, Daniel Ek, who later admitted that 15 of the company’s top employees were threatened with deportation.

Earlier this year the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce warned that the trend could damage Swedish economic capital, while the local branch of Startup Grind, one of the largest independent start-up community organizations in the world, held an event called Keep the Talent to protest against Sweden “running out of international talent” .

In March, the results of a large survey for The Diversify Foundation, a non-profit organization campaigning for a more inclusive labor market, found that 81% of non-EU workers who responded said that their health or the health of their families had been affected by the threat of deportation.

Nearly 70% said that they would not recommend Sweden as a destination for foreign workers.

“In our opinion, that hurts Sweden’s international reputation,” said Alexandra Loyd, a lawyer at Centrum för Rättvisa, a non-profit law firm that represents the public interest, representing several affected workers. “Many people – workers and employers, who are related to us – feel insecure about the legal system in Sweden.”

According to him, the root of the problem is the strict interpretation of the Swedish Migration Agency to the 2015 decision by the Migration Court of Appeal, which says that work permits cannot be extended to workers whose employers do not uphold industrial norms.

The decision was related to two cases where foreign workers were underpaid and designed to protect migrants from exploitation by dishonest employers.

This is the foundation of work culture in Sweden, which has a long history of strong trade unions and strict agreements designed to protect workers’ rights.

But it did produce a mantra of deportation of workers that was actually needed based on minor administrative errors.

In 2017, more than 1,800 people experienced a refusal to extend their work permits, although it is not possible to specify exactly how many of them were due to minor errors.

Limited progress
This situation has improved in the last two years, thanks in part to amendments in the law, which allow employers to remedy mistakes gradually.

Meanwhile a new decision from the Migration Court of Appeal in December 2017 ruled that there must be an “overall assessment” of each case applicant to make a more proportional decision, rather than automatically issuing a rejection based on a small error.

Per Ek, ​​an agency spokesman, said that he understood that some foreign workers ended up “in a very difficult situation” if their visas were refused.

But he insisted that the “overall assessment” method generally “ran smoothly enough” to limit the deportation of skilled workers, while at the same time remaining true to previous laws designed to protect workers in all industries.

“We are here for one clear reason. We must be sure that the law or law has been fulfilled … and we will try our best to inform everyone who comes here, in a variety of different languages ​​- in English of course – about what rules or conditions to complete. “

So far, as many as 550 people have been denied work permits in 2019, including around 50 who work in IT and programming, this is significantly reduced compared to 2018 and 2017.

But lawyer Alexandra Loyd believes that the agency still has a tendency to “stick to the rules” – reject cases that have no legal precedent and wait for an appeal against the case in court, rather than looking at the bigger picture at the beginning of each visa extension process. .

“There are very clear deficiencies in the system and in the decisions of the Migration Agency,” he said.

Sales engineer Ali Omumi has now returned to Sweden where he has found a new job at the company he once hired, ABB.

But ensuring his return is a long process. The Iranian man is temporarily moving to Istanbul, while he looks for new opportunities in Sweden and elsewhere in Northern Europe.

Initially he rented out his family’s house, but he was forced to sell it below the market price, after being told that he had broken the rules that forbid most apartment owners in Sweden from renting out their property, unless they had moved because they worked, studied, were sick, or lived together with spouse or other sibling, none of that applies to Omumi.

When he was offered a job in Sweden, at first he could not apply for a new visa, because the Migration Authority said that he had not been abroad long enough, a decision that was eventually canceled.

Centrum för Rättvisa now helps him sue the country for losing his income while he is away.

This is the first time a deported worker has filed a case like this, and he can get around 600,000 Swedish kronor ($ 62,000).

“The main objective is to get recognition that what happened is indeed wrong and that the Migration Agency does not do this again,” said Loyd, who hopes this case will become a milestone.

If it reaches the Swedish Supreme Court, this case will set a precedent for deported workers who believe that they have been treated unfairly.

“I hope this lawsuit will encourage decision makers to draft laws better, where international talents can come here … and stay in Sweden as long as they can contribute,” Omumi added. “In the end, Sweden will get better.”

The Sweden’s Migration Agency said they did not want to speculate on the potential effects of the lawsuits.

“Let them make a decision first on the case, then we will comment,” said spokesman Per Ek. The agency did not talk about the Omumi case specifically.

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Who is still affected?
Meanwhile, many skilled foreign workers remain in uncertainty.

Front end web developer, Zena Jose, who is from India, is currently appealing against the decision to reject the extension of her visa.

The 28-year-old woman works for a startup in Stockholm, but previously worked for a large company in the Swedish capital, along with long-distance work from Mumbai.

He recalled that the failure of his first employer to cancel his original visa was considered an administrative error that ensured his deportation.

“It’s very disappointing because it wasn’t my fault until this happened and I didn’t make any mistakes. But I have to pay, “he said.

The start-up worker has been advised not to leave Sweden during the appeals process, because he might face problems if he returns without valid files.

It means he can’t visit family during the Christmas holidays. “This is really depressing because I can’t visit family or friends in my country … and it’s been almost a year now,” he said.

Aniel Bhaga, a 34-year-old from Australia who had previously worked as a business development for Swedish fashion products in the H&M brand in Stockholm, lost a three-year court process to remain in the country in October, due to administrative errors made by the start company -up where he worked before.

“I built a very wide professional network, built a very, very good family-and-friendship network here, I built my life,” he complained.

Now Bhaga lives with her parents in Brisbane and does casual work while entering a new work permit registration to continue her work at H&M.

Although fed up with the situation, he believes he is “one of the lucky ones”, explaining that “there are many people who are in more difficult situations … who do not have an easy and good country to return to” while waiting for the process.