World Labor

Dark Side Of Children Worker Dark Side Of Children Worker On this occasion we will provide several articles relating to the discussion of the Sad Facts of Child Labor in the World. And on this occasion we will provide several articles that discuss and review the Sad Facts of Child Labor in the World

1. What is the definition of child labor?
Before going any further, let’s get to know about child labor first. Child labor refers to the exploitation of child labor which prevents them from going to school and going to school. Not only that, employing children is also dangerous, both in terms of physical, mental, social and moral.

However, not all work is considered dangerous for children, as long as it does not interfere with their health, school and personal development. For example, helping parents at home, helping family businesses to get pocket money outside school hours or during holidays, said the official website of the ILO. Because these activities can give them skills and experience and self-maturity.

2. What age is categorized as child labor?
What age can be categorized as child labor? According to the ILO convention in 1973, child labor refers to all work done by children under 12 years of age, heavy work done by children aged 12 years and dangerous work done by children aged 15- 17 years. This convention has been ratified and agreed by 171 countries.

In some countries, the application of the age of child labor can vary. For example, according to the Child and Youth Labor Act in India, the minimum age limit for children to work is 14 years. Meanwhile, the United States issued an amendment that allows children aged 14-18 years to work. In fact, in developed countries like the Netherlands, children as young as 12 years old can work as baby sitting and their income can be for additional allowance.

3. How many child laborers in the world?
Without you knowing, there are many child laborers around the world! According to the United Nations (UN), there are currently 218 million child workers worldwide. Many of them end up dropping out of school and do not have time to play like children in general.

Meanwhile, in Indonesia there were around 1.6 million child laborers in 2015, according to the Minister of Manpower, Hanif Dhakiri. They work in various fields, ranging from the domestic sector, palm oil industry to tobacco plantations, said the Coconuts website. Even so, the Ministry of Manpower in cooperation with the ILO promises to eradicate child labor in 2022.

4. What areas are prohibited by child labor?
There are some dangerous fields and children should not be entered. However, sometimes reality says otherwise. These areas include slavery, trafficking and forced labor, prostitution, pornography, production and trafficking of illegal drugs and narcotics to those related to armed conflict, the ILO stated on its official website.

In addition, children are also prohibited from doing work that endangers health, safety and morals, such as working with dangerous machinery and equipment, work that exposes children to hazardous chemicals, work that puts children at risk of physical, psychological and sexual abuse, to work that exploits labor to exceed normal hours.

5. Countries with problems with child labor
Child labor is a problem in almost all countries. However, there are some countries that treat child labor worse than others. Among these are Somalia, Pakistan, Nigeria, Myanmar, Liberia, India, Ethiopia, Congo, Chad and Bangladesh, according to the World Atlas website.

The reasons vary. For example, in Bangladesh many children who work at an early age because of poverty that ensnare. Forced, they must work to help the family economy. In Bangladesh, it is common to find child labor in the fields of garment, agriculture and others. In Congo, children are even forced into the armed forces and threatened by sexual harassment. Horrified?

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6. The cause is not only poverty, but also other factors!
As you might guess, poverty is the main factor causing the emergence of child labor. Because living in financial deprivation, children are forced to work to help the family economy. In addition, unreachable school fees and poor quality education also encourage children to become laborers. Inadequate school facilities and distances that are too far are also a trigger.

Another cause is cultural beliefs that regard work as good for developing children’s character and skills. If the parent is a businessman, then it is a tradition that the child will continue the business. As a result, children are forced to work at a very early age.

7. The clothes you wear can be made by children, you know!
Without you knowing, some fashion lines employ children as laborers! For example, what happens to some well-known fashion brands that we often see in shopping centers. Activists call some of the fashion lines employing children as cotton pickers and clothing tailors. The child laborers come from various countries, such as Bangladesh, Uzbekistan and Myanmar.

The same was true for the GAP label which involved child labor problems in 2007. Apparently, this was done by fraudulent subcontractors and included child labor without agreement. Afterwards, GAP issued a policy to expel child labor and provide wages and access to schools, explained the Guardian website.

Facts About Strong Women Worker Facts About Strong Women Worker On this occasion we will provide several articles relating to the discussion of the Facts of Strong Female Labor. Some articles that we will present to you this time, can be very helpful if you want to find information related to the Facts of a Strong Female Labor. And on this occasion we will provide several articles that discuss and review the Strong Womens Labor Facts

The only courage is courage that takes us from one moment to another. It’s true that courage is like a weapon that makes us tough against all the fears that hold us in passive situations and conditions.

Wanting to change one’s destiny for the better is the aspiration of many people, and to get good fortune many of us are competing to try their fortune in a place far from family. Here are 6 facts that female workers are “strong”:

1. Sacrificing personal interests
The greatest strength of that woman is the deep love of the family. Someone who loves him so deeply will give him courage. With the capital of determination and courage, they are able to sacrifice their personal interests to struggle to earn a fortune to go abroad for the future of their children.

It is not impossible as long as their soul mates give full trust and keep their promises to remain faithful while they wander. It is very hard indeed, but as time goes by we are required to work hard to achieve a prosperous life.

Despite having to cry in a smile, the woman will still look strong through her days working tirelessly.

2. Trying to be strong even in difficult situations
Motto is better to be a chicken’s head than a dragon’s tail, it is very obvious when we are in a difficult situation. When we decide to become a dragon’s tail, we must be prepared to get lots of great clashes that often hurt us mentally. The desire for the process of life that must be lived.

We, women who work must remain strong in facing even the most difficult situations. It is very important for our mental health, and our success, that we are in control.

3. Continue to struggle even if ignored
Because of determination, the woman will continue to struggle even if ignored in other countries. They believe the struggle carried out will definitely produce results. Neglected in their sense as if they were part of a weak group of people when in fact they are hidden pearls that finally shine when they achieve success.

How come many of them eventually became successful entrepreneurs, with the capital they got, they ventured to open restaurants or become successful cattle ranchers. And it is real! Not easy either?

4. A strong drive to change fate
Act as if we really made a difference. I am sure those who choose to work in other countries have almost the same goals. And indeed that is the case, there is such a strong impulse that overcomes doubt because they realize that happiness is created by their own hands. Whatever the form of happiness, they feel they have a responsibility to make life better.

They think then take action when God gives a test in their lives. Acting to make major changes that will ultimately lead to success. A theory that is created without real practice will only disappear in a gust of wind, but a tough woman will definitely take real action, and certainly not just a theory huh?

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5. Have high patience
Life contains so many simple blessings. Every day brings its own magic. The woman is patient, waits for time, endures longing, and saves sorrow. His patience makes them able to survive for a long time in the land of people, and they calmly dismiss all dreams with loved ones. Neatly store in the heart and believe the time will come to reunite with them.

There are still many tasks that must be completed, sometimes in the midst of their busy lives they always slip a prayer “may God always give me patience”. That’s a woman, though considered weak but they turned out to be “strong” huh?

6. Has strong talent
Talent is one of God’s gifts, with the talent that is owned will really help us do many activities. for those who work away from home, not only with determination and courage? armed with strong talent is also very necessary to facilitate the work.

For migrant workers they are usually equipped with a lot of training from many things, especially languages. It is difficult indeed, because it has to go through various tests in writing and practice. But indeed this has become one of the processes that must be done. Well? For those of you who work away from home, don’t forget to pray and be very clever to bring yourself huh?

Contractor Workers From Government Contractor Workers From Government On this occasion we will provide a number of articles relating to the discussion of the Government Employee Workers With Work Agreements. Some of the articles that we will present to you this time, can be very helpful if you want to find information related to Government Employees with a Work Agreement. And on this occasion we will provide several articles discussing and reviewing the Government Employment Workers With Work Agreements

1. Multi level entry
Unlike civil servants who have to pursue careers from the lowest position, PPPK can enter through certain levels or even directly at the highest level in the position required by the organization according to the criteria for the position specified in the PP Management PPPK.

This is possible because of the multi-level entry scheme in the PPPK selection.

Positions that can be filled by PPPK include: Certain Main JPTs, and Certain Middle JPTs that are equivalent to echelons I / a and I / b, Certain Functional Positions at all levels of positions and other positions contained in the Public Service Agency and Regional Public Service Bodies such as new state universities and regional hospitals.

2. Earnings will be equivalent to civil servants
Unlike the honorary who get a small income until there is under the UMR, PPPK will get the same income as a civil servant if it fills the same position as a civil servant.

If a PPPK fills a position of middle-level teacher, the income to be obtained is relatively the same as that of a civil servant who occupies that position. So there will be no significant income gap between civil servants and PPPK for the same position.

The income component obtained by PPPK is regulated in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.

3. Get the same facilities as civil servants
In addition to the amount of income received, PPPK will also get the same facilities as civil servants, including: death benefits and work accident benefits. In addition, PPPK is also entitled to get an award if it can show good performance

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4. The application age limit is longer
If in the selection of CPNS the maximum age of application is determined to be 35 years and 40 years for certain positions, PPPK can apply for an ASN position with an application age limit of up to 1 year before the retirement age limit for the position being applied for.

For example: for functional positions of teachers whose age limit is 60 years, the application age limit to 59 years is less (including the time required for the selection process).

For applicants who pass the selection with the age of 59 years, the work contract will be given for 1 year until the relevant person enters the age limit of the position filled.

With the extension of the application age limit, people who cannot participate in the CPNS selection because they are over 35 years old can participate in the PPPK selection.

5. Can be contracted to the retirement age limit
The employment contract for PPPK is at least 1 year and can be extended according to the needs of the organization to the retirement age limit, taking into account the performance evaluation annually. If the performance is considered good, the work contract can be extended according to the needs of the organization.

Those are the 5 advantages of being a PPPK. Is anyone interested in serving the country through the PPPK channel? The first PPPK recruitment is planned to take place in the 4th week of January 2019, so be prepared for those who are interested in the list.

Swedish Is Full Of IT Workforce Swedish Is Full Of IT Workforce On this occasion we will provide several articles related to the discussion on Swedish Deportation of Foreign Workers in the IT Field. And on this occasion we will provide several articles that discuss and review about Sweden Deportation of Foreign Workers in the IT Field

Maintaining a highly skilled foreign workforce is very important for countries like Sweden. But when a deported worker sues the state, the record of refusing a state that understands technology becomes the spotlight.

Ali Omumi has bought an apartment and a car, attended a Swedish language course, enrolled his child in a daycare center and has even improved his skiing skills to welcome the freezing temperatures.

But even though his family had come to Sweden for more than three years, and the fact that he was highly paid as a senior employee in one of the leading power and technology companies, Ali Omumi was ordered to leave the country.

“This makes me very frustrated, for my wife this is the beginning of a deep depression,” complained the engineering sales specialist, who is from Iran.

Omumi, who was then 38 years old, was given the final order to immediately leave the country in 2018 after failing to appeal the Swedish Migration Agency’s decision.

Officials refuse registration of work permit extension based on administrative errors made by the software company that previously hired him, ie failed to show the correct coverage data.

“Deportation makes me feel ” I’m a criminal ‘- while I know very well that I’m not a criminal. I come to work and pay taxes, and I bring my experience and money. “

Sweden lacks talented people
Sweden experiences a shortage of quality graduates in many fields, including in engineering and programming, which means employers are increasingly looking beyond national borders and the European Union to fill the gap.

Work permits – which are required for non-EU workers – are initially linked to certain jobs, but those who want to move companies can start new jobs while waiting for the visa extension process.

However, hundreds of refusal requests for an extension of permit experienced by many non-EU workers such as Ali, due to minor administrative errors made by the previous company during their stay.

Aside from insurance issues, other errors that cause deportation include mistakes in pension payments, taking too much or too little time off, or even registering jobs through LinkedIn that are not offered by the Swedish Public Employment Service.

Sweden calls this deportation competitive competence, which means “the expulsion of those who have the skills needed in the labor market”, and the problem is that this hot topic has been going on for a long time, especially in the rapidly developing field of technology.

The deportation of one of Pakistan’s developers in 2016 triggered a petition signed by more than 10,000 people, including Spotify’s founder, Daniel Ek, who later admitted that 15 of the company’s top employees were threatened with deportation.

Earlier this year the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce warned that the trend could damage Swedish economic capital, while the local branch of Startup Grind, one of the largest independent start-up community organizations in the world, held an event called Keep the Talent to protest against Sweden “running out of international talent” .

In March, the results of a large survey for The Diversify Foundation, a non-profit organization campaigning for a more inclusive labor market, found that 81% of non-EU workers who responded said that their health or the health of their families had been affected by the threat of deportation.

Nearly 70% said that they would not recommend Sweden as a destination for foreign workers.

“In our opinion, that hurts Sweden’s international reputation,” said Alexandra Loyd, a lawyer at Centrum för Rättvisa, a non-profit law firm that represents the public interest, representing several affected workers. “Many people – workers and employers, who are related to us – feel insecure about the legal system in Sweden.”

According to him, the root of the problem is the strict interpretation of the Swedish Migration Agency to the 2015 decision by the Migration Court of Appeal, which says that work permits cannot be extended to workers whose employers do not uphold industrial norms.

The decision was related to two cases where foreign workers were underpaid and designed to protect migrants from exploitation by dishonest employers.

This is the foundation of work culture in Sweden, which has a long history of strong trade unions and strict agreements designed to protect workers’ rights.

But it did produce a mantra of deportation of workers that was actually needed based on minor administrative errors.

In 2017, more than 1,800 people experienced a refusal to extend their work permits, although it is not possible to specify exactly how many of them were due to minor errors.

Limited progress
This situation has improved in the last two years, thanks in part to amendments in the law, which allow employers to remedy mistakes gradually.

Meanwhile a new decision from the Migration Court of Appeal in December 2017 ruled that there must be an “overall assessment” of each case applicant to make a more proportional decision, rather than automatically issuing a rejection based on a small error.

Per Ek, ​​an agency spokesman, said that he understood that some foreign workers ended up “in a very difficult situation” if their visas were refused.

But he insisted that the “overall assessment” method generally “ran smoothly enough” to limit the deportation of skilled workers, while at the same time remaining true to previous laws designed to protect workers in all industries.

“We are here for one clear reason. We must be sure that the law or law has been fulfilled … and we will try our best to inform everyone who comes here, in a variety of different languages ​​- in English of course – about what rules or conditions to complete. “

So far, as many as 550 people have been denied work permits in 2019, including around 50 who work in IT and programming, this is significantly reduced compared to 2018 and 2017.

But lawyer Alexandra Loyd believes that the agency still has a tendency to “stick to the rules” – reject cases that have no legal precedent and wait for an appeal against the case in court, rather than looking at the bigger picture at the beginning of each visa extension process. .

“There are very clear deficiencies in the system and in the decisions of the Migration Agency,” he said.

Sales engineer Ali Omumi has now returned to Sweden where he has found a new job at the company he once hired, ABB.

But ensuring his return is a long process. The Iranian man is temporarily moving to Istanbul, while he looks for new opportunities in Sweden and elsewhere in Northern Europe.

Initially he rented out his family’s house, but he was forced to sell it below the market price, after being told that he had broken the rules that forbid most apartment owners in Sweden from renting out their property, unless they had moved because they worked, studied, were sick, or lived together with spouse or other sibling, none of that applies to Omumi.

When he was offered a job in Sweden, at first he could not apply for a new visa, because the Migration Authority said that he had not been abroad long enough, a decision that was eventually canceled.

Centrum för Rättvisa now helps him sue the country for losing his income while he is away.

This is the first time a deported worker has filed a case like this, and he can get around 600,000 Swedish kronor ($ 62,000).

“The main objective is to get recognition that what happened is indeed wrong and that the Migration Agency does not do this again,” said Loyd, who hopes this case will become a milestone.

If it reaches the Swedish Supreme Court, this case will set a precedent for deported workers who believe that they have been treated unfairly.

“I hope this lawsuit will encourage decision makers to draft laws better, where international talents can come here … and stay in Sweden as long as they can contribute,” Omumi added. “In the end, Sweden will get better.”

The Sweden’s Migration Agency said they did not want to speculate on the potential effects of the lawsuits.

“Let them make a decision first on the case, then we will comment,” said spokesman Per Ek. The agency did not talk about the Omumi case specifically.

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Who is still affected?
Meanwhile, many skilled foreign workers remain in uncertainty.

Front end web developer, Zena Jose, who is from India, is currently appealing against the decision to reject the extension of her visa.

The 28-year-old woman works for a startup in Stockholm, but previously worked for a large company in the Swedish capital, along with long-distance work from Mumbai.

He recalled that the failure of his first employer to cancel his original visa was considered an administrative error that ensured his deportation.

“It’s very disappointing because it wasn’t my fault until this happened and I didn’t make any mistakes. But I have to pay, “he said.

The start-up worker has been advised not to leave Sweden during the appeals process, because he might face problems if he returns without valid files.

It means he can’t visit family during the Christmas holidays. “This is really depressing because I can’t visit family or friends in my country … and it’s been almost a year now,” he said.

Aniel Bhaga, a 34-year-old from Australia who had previously worked as a business development for Swedish fashion products in the H&M brand in Stockholm, lost a three-year court process to remain in the country in October, due to administrative errors made by the start company -up where he worked before.

“I built a very wide professional network, built a very, very good family-and-friendship network here, I built my life,” he complained.

Now Bhaga lives with her parents in Brisbane and does casual work while entering a new work permit registration to continue her work at H&M.

Although fed up with the situation, he believes he is “one of the lucky ones”, explaining that “there are many people who are in more difficult situations … who do not have an easy and good country to return to” while waiting for the process.