Tenaga Kerja Indonesia

The Role of Labor in Development – In managing development, it definitely takes a lot of manpower to be able to build what you want

The role of labor in development has two sides, namely as an object that needs to be built and prospered as well as the subject of development actors themselves. The welfare of the whole community is basically the welfare of workers who are able to meet the needs of themselves and their families. Even the income of a country in the form of tax revenue and non-tax revenue actually comes from the results of workers, both from workers as a production function and workers as a consumption function.

The Role of Labor in Development

Workers are also one of the determinants of a nation’s competitiveness. This can be seen from the Global Competitiveness Index released in the 2018 World Economic Forum report, Indonesia is ranked 45th out of 140 countries. Of the eleven global competitiveness index variables, there are two variables related to employment, namely the labor market efficiency variable and the competence of the workforce. In this case, in order to increase the competitiveness index of our country, efforts to improve the quality of human resources in the form of improving the intelligence, health, competence and work ethic of the workforce or in other words increasing labor productivity, must be one of the development priorities.

Also Read  :Factors Affecting Labor

Labor productivity is one of the company’s measures in achieving its goals. Human resources are the most strategic elements in the organization, must be recognized and accepted by management. Increasing work productivity is only possible by humans (Siagian, 2002, p.2). Therefore, labor is an important factor in measuring productivity. This is caused by two things, among others; first, because of the large costs sacrificed for labor as part of the largest costs for procuring products or services; second, due to input on other factors such as capital (Kussriyanto, 1993, p.1).

Referring to the expert opinion above, labor as a subject as well as an object of development, has a central position in determining the productivity of a nation. Currently, Indonesia is still experiencing serious problems in the field of labor productivity. This was conveyed by the Minister of Development Planning, Head of BAPPENAS.

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Factors Affecting Labor – In a business that is expanding as it is today, more and more tasks are also assigned to employees. In work there are factors that can affect a person’s work performance. Here is the review

Availability of Equipment and Goods

You hope that the Customer Service department can serve customers in the shortest possible time, but don’t provide them with high speed internet or a capable telephone device? Impossible! You want to create a comfortable working atmosphere, but don’t provide air conditioning or a drinking water dispenser? Impossible! In addition to machines related to the production process, some items are absolutely needed to support the smooth running of the employee’s duties. Another example, instead of employees commuting out of the office for photocopies, consider owning a copier.

Work environment

Ensuring employees have a ‘healthy’ workplace is key to employee productivity. As mentioned in the point above, you should know that a harmonious office space meets the rules of lighting and air circulation. Most employees can also judge the company from the cubicles, toilets, pantry, places of worship, and rest rooms provided. Have you done your best to ensure employees can concentrate on their work?

Job Description and Responsibilities

Often employee productivity stagnates because he feels bored or bored at his job. HR can convince employees about the contribution they have made to the company, so that their motivation is increased again. In addition, placing employees on the right work team, or entrusting a special project, will bring their interest and attention. The point is to realize that the existence of every employee is valuable and each has a role in the success of the company.

Also Read :This is the Cause of Unemployment

Vision, Mission and Organizational Culture

The millennial generation workforce is always looking for ‘purpose’ or ‘the meaning of life’. They work to create a change in society, and they are proud to join a company that gives them the space to create. Have you ever socialized about this to your employees?

Communication System and How Leaders Work

When an employee faces a problem, where should he report it? Who is in charge of helping him find a solution? Are superiors, supervisors, and management responsive and open enough? Or employees actually feel reluctant and afraid? The business magazine ‘Entrepreneur’ found that employees expect a boss who is supportive, which is characterized by: understanding, flexible, and trustworthy. This will affect how employees interact and communicate in their work.

Self Training and Development

If you want employees to be more reliable in their work, training is the best solution! In addition to adding insight, training can refresh the mind and reduce tension. Don’t forget, you also have to stay updated with the development of HR science by participating in HR training. Gadjian Academy always holds HR workshops every month, which can be attended for free by Gadjian Success Package users.

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This is the Cause of Unemployment – The lack of employment opportunities makes many people unemployed. Unemployment is a problem for some countries. Indonesia is a country that is included in the number of unemployed people. Here are the causes of unemployment in Indonesia

1. Imbalance Between Employment and Number of Workers
The cause of unemployment in Indonesia and the first reason is the imbalance between employment and the number of workers that increases every year. The existence of intense competition between fresh graduates and experienced ones creates a new phenomenon that this imbalance has occurred.

Students and master’s degrees are even more difficult to find work because the number of jobs available is small and not accompanied by the abilities of these individuals.

The population explosion in Indonesia can also be one of the triggering factors for unemployment in Indonesia. This causes many young graduates who are unemployed to wait for work.

2. Technological Advancement
The cause of unemployment in Indonesia and the next reason is technological progress. Indeed, technological progress is a matter of pride because human performance will certainly be faster and easier.

However, this must also be watched out for because it can cause an imbalance between workers who have been replaced by robots. Usually the main reason is because the cost is much cheaper with fast and accurate work.

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3. Inappropriate Skills of Job Seekers
The cause of unemployment in Indonesia and the next reason is the many criteria for job seekers that do not match the company’s demands. The company will need employees who meet the criteria for the positions that will be occupied by prospective employees.

This is usually an obstacle when companies need employees with high skills. Automatically, there will be only a few applicants who have a chance to be accepted.

4. Lack of Education and Skills
The cause of unemployment in Indonesia and the next reason is the problem of skills and education of applicants. Lack of education will make it difficult for someone to be used as a workforce.

As a result, most people who do not have a higher education background usually only become manual laborers. If menial work does not exist and there is no soul of an entrepreneur, then a person can become permanently unemployed. In addition, skills are also important to train their ability to enter the world of work.

Extension of Employee Tax Exemption Incentives – Next, we will provide reliable articles that we have summarized and made as light as possible, so that they can be read by all groups, along with the extension of employee tax exemption incentives.

The government has extended the period for granting Government-borne Income Tax Article 21 (DTP) incentives until June 30, 2021.

For employees with less salaries, they often feel like they want to have income outside of work. You can play online slot gambling games on trusted sites to increase your income. You can play this slot gambling game on Situs Joker123.

Extension of Employee Tax Exemption Incentives

1. Tax free provisions

In the post, it is explained that this rule will apply to employees who work at companies engaged in one of the 1,189 specific industrial fields, companies that get export-destination import facilities (KITE), and companies in bonded zones can get income tax-borne facilities. government.

“This facility is given to employees who have a fixed and regular tax ID and annualized gross income of not more than Rp. 200 million in designated sectors,” he wrote.

2. The uncut tax shall be given in cash

The statement also states that employees who are affected by this rule will receive cash as proof of not being subject to tax deductions.

“The employee will get additional income in the form of tax which is not deducted by the employer but is given in cash to the employee,” he explained.

“If the taxpayer has a branch, the notification of the use of PPh Article 21 incentives is sufficient to be conveyed by the central taxpayer and applies to all branches,” he added.

Also Read: The Cause is Considered to be a Less Professional Employee

3. Other incentives

In addition to extending Article 21 PPh tax incentives, the government also extended the UMK Tax Intensive, Construction Services Final Income Tax Intensive, Article 22 Import PPh Intensive, Article 25 PPh Installment Intensive, and VAT Intensive.

This tax incentive was provided by the government to help alleviate the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Large Companies With The Most Employees Large Companies With The Most Employees

Large Companies With The Most Employees – The presence of large companies in the world is able to accommodate and employ many employees and can help economic development while reducing unemployment. Especially with the current world economic recession, knowing that there are still companies that provide jobs and allow people to have food on the table can be quite mind-boggling.

1.Walmart, United States (US)

Number of workers: 2.2 million people

The pride of the United States (US) company, Walmart runs a business chain of a number of shops. His business is known as the largest. Not only that, according to the Fortune Global 500, this company owned by the Walton family is also known for the number of employees who broke the highest record in the world in 2012. The company is renowned worldwide for its superior service. To date, Walmart employs 2.2 million employees.

2. China National Petroleum Corporation, China

Number of workers: 1,668,072 people

China National Petroleum Corporation is a state-owned oil and gas company with 1,668,072 employees.

3. State Grid Corporation of China,

China Number of workers: 1,583,000 people State Grid Corporation of China is the largest electric power company in the world. This company transmits all of the electricity in China with 1,583,000 employees working for it.

4. Sinopec, China Number of workers: 1,021,979 people

Another company that is proud of China on the list of companies with the largest number of employees in the world, namely 1,021,979 employees. Not only that, Sinopec also ranks 5th as the company with the largest revenue in the world. Sinopec Ltd., also known as China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation.

5. Hon Hai Precision Industry, Taiwan

Number of workers: 961 thousand people Since its foundation in 1974, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd., also known as Foxconn Technology Group in Taiwan. The company is recognized as the world’s largest electronic contract manufacturer in terms of sales. Even though it was founded in Taiwan, Hon Hai also built 19 factories in various cities in China. Currently, Hon Hai is known to have 961 thousand employees.

6. China Post Group, China

Number of workers: 89,307 people China Post Group is one of the most prominent companies in China, employing 889,307 people in its company. From the time of the Shang Dynasti, postal services in China continued to expand until the China Post Group was founded in 1949.

7.U.S. Postal Service (USPS), USA

Number of workers: 601,601 people The USPS of the United States started its mail delivery service in 1775 during the Second Continental Congress. During this time, the first person appointed to lead him was Benjamin Franklin. On March 21, 2013, the postal company was assigned to stay open on Saturdays. The decision is valid until 30 September.

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8. Volkswagen, Germany Number of workers: 501,956 people

Located in Germany, Volkswagen is the largest manufacturing producer there. This company sells the most cars worldwide. The three most famous cars it produces are the Volkswagen Passat, Volkswagen Golf and Volkswagen Beetle.

9. China Telecommunications, China

Number of workers: 491,447 people As a state telecommunications company, China Telecom is the largest telephone line provider in the country and the third largest mobile telecommunications service provider in China. Not only that, China Telecom also has the largest wireless internet access in China. So it is not surprising that until now, the company has employed 491,447 employees.

10. Aviation Industry Corporation of China, China

Number of workers: 480,147 people The company which is also the pride of the Chinese nation has 480,147 workers. The company has been established for 52 years to be precise since 17 April 1951. As a Chinese state-owned aerospace company, the Aviation Industry Corporation of China continues to develop the design and production of combat aircraft, fighter-bombers, trainers and turbojet engines, reconnaissance aircraft, air-to-air missiles, turbo fan engines, and surface-to missiles. -air