June 2021

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Ineffective Learning From Home During a Pandemic Has The Potential to Erase Demographics – Indonesia is predicted to experience the peak of the demographic bonus period, where the number of the productive age population (aged 15-64 years) is greater than the population of the unproductive age (children and the elderly). By 2035, the productive age population will reach 64% of the total population of 297 million people.

However, the ineffective implementation of home learning in Indonesia during the COVID-19 pandemic could erase the opportunity to benefit from the bonus. School students who are currently studying from home around 2035 will enter the world of work. Unfortunately, research in 2020 from the SMERU research institute noted that the learning process from home in Indonesia encountered many obstacles, ranging from inequality in access to online learning facilities to the uneven ability of teachers.

This widens the gap between students in Indonesia – with the worst learning loss among the poor – thus exacerbating the existing problems of poor employment competence. How can all of this affect Indonesia’s golden employment opportunities in the future, and what should be done from now on to anticipate them?

The education quality of workers was already low even before the pandemic

To reap the “gift” of the demographic bonus in the form of an abundant population of productive age, Indonesia must ensure that the quality of their education and skills is really good, including readiness to face a competitive global labor market.

However, in terms of employment, Indonesia still faces two major challenges related to the quality of education and worker competencies that existed even before the emergence of learning from home due to the pandemic.

First, around 59% of the current workforce is Junior High School (SMP) graduates and the majority is even lower. The learning outcomes of these graduates during school – which are even conducted face to face – are also very low. A study from the Research on Improving Systems of Education (RISE-SMERU) program in 2018 reports that the majority of secondary school graduates have not mastered simple arithmetic skills that should have been mastered at the elementary school level. Second, the education and skills obtained by prospective workers while at school are not in accordance with the needs and minimum competencies. As a result, the world of work is difficult to get the manpower that is really needed.

Based on the records of the Demographic Institute (LD) at the University of Indonesia which processed the results of the 2015 National Labor Force Survey (SAKERNAS), for example, there is a ‘vertical mismatch’ of workers’ education levels of 53% of the entire workforce. This means that many workers have a lower level of education than is required by their workplace.

In addition, the majority of workers also experience what is referred to as a ‘horizontal mismatch’. In this case, in addition to their own level of education, 61% of workers also have a type of education, competence, or training that does not match the needs of the place where they work.

Deteriorating learning outcomes will further threaten the demographic bonus

The two problems above have the potential to get worse due to ineffective learning from home in the midst of a pandemic. A study from the World Bank, for example, estimates that ineffective home learning results in a loss of student learning outcomes in Indonesia. Furthermore, the impact is even more severe for those from the poorest groups. Studying from a bad home for just four months will widen the gap in learning outcomes between poor student groups from the rich group in Indonesia – from 1.4 years behind in the learning process to 1.6 years behind in the learning process.

For students from families with the most vulnerable economic conditions, they even have to face the risk of child marriage and also dropping out of school. The latest level of education and learning outcomes that are getting worse will cause their productivity and competitiveness to be even lower in the future. Schoolchildren currently adversely affected by ineffective home learning, for example, are expected to enter the workforce in the 2030s – or at the peak of the demographic dividend. In fact, in the future, researchers estimate that 65% of the variety of jobs now will be replaced by new types of work that have not been imagined and require various competencies that are far more complex than today.

If our learning system does not immediately find a quick way to improve its quality, the majority of the population who are expected to be part of the demographic bonus will be marginalized in the modern and formal world of work. Many Indonesian workers in the future can actually become a “burden” as second-class citizens in their own country.

Also Read : Extension of Employee Tax Exemption Incentives

Education policy in the region is the key

Since the implementation of the decentralization and regional autonomy policies two decades ago, the affairs of primary and secondary education have become the authority of local governments. This means that the front line responsible for improving the quality of education are various local educational apparatus and institutions throughout Indonesia. In the short term, the local government should be able to guide schools to slowly reopen face-to-face learning – of course, taking into account the factors of the spread of COVID-19, the vulnerability of students, and the readiness of health facilities in the area.

Once schools reopen, they must also direct schools to focus on recovering learning outcomes lost during the pandemic, especially on poor students. In the long term, local governments must improve their policies that have not been effective so far. In 2018, the RISE-SMERU program found that only 62 out of 508 – or around 12% – districts/cities in Indonesia had innovative education policies.

In general, our researchers found that various local education policies have not been effective in improving learning outcomes. The number of teacher training policies, for example, does not correlate with the SMP National Examination (UN) scores in each district/city. This means that there is still a large gap between educational needs in the regions and the policies issued, and more research and studies are needed to find alternative solutions at the regional level before it is too late.

What is clear, given the low quality of existing learning outcomes, is that there is no choice for education apparatus working in ministries, regional education offices, and schools – from ministers to teachers – other than to work harder and conduct large-scale evaluations of various policies. education that has been done.

If this is ignored, Indonesia’s demographic bonus will not have much meaning. Instead of being a gift, they can actually be a heavy burden for the nation.

Overcoming Odds in Sportsbook Betting Games – After going through several stages of the screening process, we are finally able to improve the articles that we have collected with data from trusted sources regarding obercoming odds in sportsbook betting games.

Suppose you love to gamble and you have also won many times and earned a lot of cash. If you haven’t won then you might consider quitting or involving yourself in betting. Betting in sports is simply making bets on various popular sporting events like football, cricket, etc. Unlike gambling in casinos and other illegal gambling, it is better to choose bola88 betting odds. Although this depends on the country you live in, whether betting is legal or illegal. But before betting in sports on your favorite sportsman, it is important to check what sports betting really is.

Overcoming Odds in Sportsbook Betting Games

Understanding sports betting odds can prove to be a daunting task especially at important sporting events. The odds are the ones who decide whether the player you bet on is one of your favorites or the underdog. Then the amount of money you will win can be decided. In layman’s terms, probability is the probability that a certain event will occur. Such odds are expressed in percentage terms. Like tossing a coin gives you a 50% chance of winning or losing. But in sports, betting odds are expressed in various forms. There are bookmakers who prepare such odds to illustrate the likelihood of certain events occurring.

There are 3 popular ways to determine sports betting. First is decimal odds which are very popular in Europe except the UK where odds are expressed in fractional odds. And in the US they express their own odds system. You can maximize your chances of winning through betting odds but by following some simple tips like good money management, careful analysis of the advice given by betting portals, proper supervision of players as favorites and underdogs. Moreover the world of betting has been revolutionized to a great extent thus making sports betting a successful business opportunity.

Online Slot Gambling Becomes an Interesting Game – Lately, online slot gambling games are growing very rapidly, this game has become one of the most popular games.

It is well known that slots are very powerful for any casino you want to enter. In these times, slot machines can take most of their profits for regular casinos. How do you use a slot machine to have a little extra for yourself? Check out this informative article to master just one of the smartest plays you’ll ever make until you go up against the one-armed band online slot play1628 slot.

Online Slot Gambling Becomes an Interesting Game

Regardless of the denomination of the slot machine you choose to play with, from nickel and penny slots to roller sets, there is one thing every slot player only has to do until they actually sit down and add their own. money. No matter how informal you are as a slot participant, the benefits of this activity may be very important. The optimal/optimal element is the fact that it will only consume a few minutes of your energy.

The item connects the slot bar or even the team of casino participants you are playing at. Various casinos can consult them with various titles, plus they will generally have the same motif as their casino. The method in which the slot bar works is really relatively easy and simple. After completing the program, you will be given a card. The dimensions are exactly the same as a regular debit or credit card. Once you sit down in front of someone’s preference system, you will see there are actually slots in the system that you add your own slots club to. Playing with equipment via your added cards can allow the casino to track how far you may have spent playing with a particular device, as well as online slots in a typical casino if you have to proceed from machine to machine.

Right now you may be asking yourself, “Why do I want to do this? The solution to this problem is simple.

Comp-S. It’s really about Comp S.

“Comp” stands for free, also it means pretty much anything you think is shown. To get a selected number bet with all slot machines (besides some other games, except for this particular example we will always be with slots), you will get Saved from your match play. It will be available in many varieties. For example, you can build credit with a casino that you can use on a slot machine if you wish. This basically means saving the money you bet.

Some of the more substantial benefits, such as free trips to some of the alternative buffets or cafes at the game. If your playground is equipped with a resort, then you might
receive

discounted room speed (and maybe a free night). If you have to be a really big roller, then you might have a shuttle or roadside service to and outside the game.

The optimal/optimal thing from it? Well, there are only two main components, to be honest. The first thing is that you don’t really have to be a “highroller” all the time to find some big gains from the championship bar. As my family and I headed for the Mississippi Bay coastline, we were playing something much bigger than penny stocks. Even now, every month, we have received a letter from your casino telling us that we have extra income to make. It’s not a lot of money to play with that amount, but $5 to get at no cost is a lot better than 0 for free.

The Trigger of Popularity of Slot Gambling – The popularity of online slot gambling games is certainly already known and felt by all online gambling players, this popularity is certainly also triggered by several factors.

While others mark online slots as not “real slots”, more and more players are making the switch online. Evidently, playing these games on the site yields more advantages which are rarely experienced in land-based casinos.

The Trigger of Popularity of Slot Gambling

High payout

Slot lovers can expect higher payouts at online casinos. This is in stark contrast to land-based casinos. Most of their bets are returned after hitting the jackpot. Payouts at brick and mortar casinos will only range from the top 85% to 90% whereas for online slots it can be as high as 95% to 97%. It turns out, the latter is more profitable and tempting a trusted online pragmatic demo slot site.

Their high payouts can be attributed to their small operating costs. On the other hand, land-based projects have to handle the costs of maintendance, rent, electricity, repairs, etc.

Doesn’t take time

Most slot fans have to wait their turn before they can play. During times where the casino is packed, members have no choice but to wait for other players and this can take hours. In most cases, the time that would otherwise be used to play is spent waiting. But in online casinos, members just need to log in to their account. They can access this game anytime, anywhere. Compared to traditional casinos, one can maximize their time while playing online.

Bigger prize

In the online world, there are so-called “progressive slots”. Members of different casinos playing the same game contribute to the pool of money. As more players participate, the prize pool increases, thereby, resulting in a much bigger jackpot. The Everyone Jackpot, is a concrete example of a progressive slot that players can try. However, in addition to the huge jackpot at stake, eligible members can get a share of the money pool if another player makes a big hit.

Great bonus features

Most online slots come with unique bonus features that regular slot machines don’t have. Father. Cashback, for example, has a money back guarantee for non-winning paylines. Moreover, one cannot easily ignore the various scatter and wild symbols present in this game which makes winning a lot easier.