2020

Empowering Thousands of Children as Workers in a Pandemic Period Empowering Thousands of Children as Workers in a Pandemic Period

Empowering Thousands of Children as Workers in a Pandemic Period – Some of the articles that we will provide are articles that we summarize from trusted sources, here are some articles that discuss the empowerment of children as workers during a pandemic.

“By 2020, poverty is projected to increase to 12.4%, so around 11 million children from vulnerable households have the potential to become child laborers (The SMERU Reserch Institute). This is a serious problem, considering that by 2030, as many as 70% of the next generation’s children are targeted to be productive generations who work in sectors according to their respective interests. But now, especially during the pandemic, there are still many children who are victims of violence, exploitation and trafficking. This problem arises not only because of the impact of non-natural disasters, but also has implications for economic and social problems in children, “said the Deputy Assistant. For the Protection of Children from Violence and Exploitation, PPPA Ministry, Valentina Gintings in the Webinar on Preventing Economic Exploitation of Children during the Covid-19 Pandemic (28/7).

Data on the Profile of Indonesian Children in 2019, shows that there are 10 provinces in Indonesia that have a child labor rate above the national average, including West Sulawesi 16.76%, Southeast Sulawesi 15.28%, Papua 14.46%, Nusa East Southeast 13.33%, North Sumatra 13.38%, Central Sulawesi 12.74%, South Sulawesi 12.45%, Bali 11.57%, West Nusa Tenggara 11%, and Gorontalo 10.97%. “These provinces also have a large number of school dropouts. This shows that children who drop out of school are very vulnerable to being employed, on the other hand, children who are employed are also prone to dropping out of school, ”Valentina explained.

Valentina added that the main cause of children dropping out of school, namely because of the poverty factor that suppresses and hinders the fulfillment of children’s education, so that the requirements to be able to continue school cannot be fulfilled. Not to mention when children work automatically because their parents invite them to help the family’s economy, eventually the children don’t want to go to school anymore. “This problem cannot be implemented without a joint synergy from all parties. To that end, the Ministry of PPPA has implemented a policy to strengthen global commitment through sustainable development or SDG 8.7: A Future Without Child Labor, namely ending and eliminating all forms of child slavery, child trafficking and child labor. Let us together ensure that these things can be achieved by 2030, ”said Valentina.

In addition, Deputy for Child Protection, Nahar said that through the meeting, it is hoped that it can encourage efforts to detect, identify, and strengthen synergies in preventing and dealing with cases of exploitation of children, especially in the economic aspects related to child labor and other forms of child labor. “We cannot do this alone because it involves various aspects. For this reason, we invite all parties to, apart from protecting their respective families, also remain focused on protecting Indonesian children from exploitation in various aspects that threaten children. Let us together provide special protection so that children are protected from economic and sexual exploitation, through prevention efforts so that children do not become victims. If we involve or allow children to be exploited, then we will certainly be faced with various criminal regulations, “said Nahar.

Nahar said that according to the direction of the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, the prevention and elimination of child labor is one of the priority tasks of the Ministry of PPPA, which is implemented in the Strategic Plan Design for Reducing Child Labor 2020-2024, by involving families, schools and the community to evaluate existing policies, mainstreaming policies to related Ministries / Agencies, building partnerships, increasing community awareness regarding the importance of schools for children, improving children’s skills education, developing social security programs for children and their families, increasing community understanding of new values ​​and norms related to child labor; improve the reporting system and complaint services that are integrated, responsive, and there is synergy in handling cases; as well as undertaking major reforms in the management of child labor cases so that they can be done quickly, integrated and comprehensively.

In this series of events, the Head of Sub-Directorate for Supervision of the Worst Forms of Child Labor (WFCL), Ministry of Manpower (Kemenaker), Tundjung Rijanto revealed that the problem of child labor is a complex problem, with the main cause being poverty. “Basically, children want to go to school instead of working, it’s just that they are in an impossible condition. For this reason, we continue to strive and are committed to targeting the elimination of child labor, especially related to the worst forms of child labor in order to support efforts to realize a child labor-free Indonesia by 2022.

Various efforts made by the Ministry of Manpower to eliminate child labor and WFCL, namely implementing the PPA-PKH Program in 2008, by attracting child workers from very poor households and dropping out of school to be returned to the education unit through providing assistance at shelters. Until 2019, PPA-PKH had attracted 134,456 child workers. “In 2020, we are working with related Ministries / Agencies, NGOs concerned with child labor and the business world, with a target to attract 9,000 child workers from their workplaces,” said Tundjung.

Also Read: Large Companies With The Most Employees

On the same occasion, the National Program Officer of the International Labor Organization (ILO), Irham Saifuddin said from the short report “Covid-19 and child labor: A time of crisis, a time to act” it was revealed that the world has achieved success together with the reduction of child labor. as many as 94 million more over the last 2 decades. However, the Covid-19 pandemic has not only reversed the success achieved so far, even millions of children are at risk of returning to work in pandemic conditions that endanger them.

“The commitment at the global level so far has been very high. To make a major contribution as members of the ILO, we have a responsibility to report on these issues at the global level. The ILO in collaboration with UNICEF recommended several things to be included in government policies, namely the need for a well-coordinated response as a commitment to prevent and eliminate child labor during a pandemic; poverty alleviation through access to credit and cash assistance to poor families; encourage the elimination of school fees, given additional tuition fees and subsidies for uniforms, books, transportation; social protection for the most vulnerable groups; carry out labor inspection and law enforcement in the prevention of child labor; and carrying out social dialogue between the government, employers ‘and workers’ organizations, and children, “said Irham.

The Chairperson of the Jokato Village Children Forum, Lumajang Regency, East Java Province, Rizky Dwi Saputra, revealed that there are several factors that influence children to become child laborers, one of which is that children are not busy because several schools were closed during this pandemic. “When they have no activities, they finally choose to join their parents to help work in the garden. Following up on this, our children’s forum creates a special program to fill children’s time with positive activities, namely playing and learning that emphasizes character education. With the FAD program, children will be busy during a pandemic like this. We can also reduce child labor, “concluded Rizky.

Large Companies With The Most Employees Large Companies With The Most Employees

Large Companies With The Most Employees – The presence of large companies in the world is able to accommodate and employ many employees and can help economic development while reducing unemployment. Especially with the current world economic recession, knowing that there are still companies that provide jobs and allow people to have food on the table can be quite mind-boggling.

1.Walmart, United States (US)

Number of workers: 2.2 million people

The pride of the United States (US) company, Walmart runs a business chain of a number of shops. His business is known as the largest. Not only that, according to the Fortune Global 500, this company owned by the Walton family is also known for the number of employees who broke the highest record in the world in 2012. The company is renowned worldwide for its superior service. To date, Walmart employs 2.2 million employees.

2. China National Petroleum Corporation, China

Number of workers: 1,668,072 people

China National Petroleum Corporation is a state-owned oil and gas company with 1,668,072 employees.

3. State Grid Corporation of China,

China Number of workers: 1,583,000 people State Grid Corporation of China is the largest electric power company in the world. This company transmits all of the electricity in China with 1,583,000 employees working for it.

4. Sinopec, China Number of workers: 1,021,979 people

Another company that is proud of China on the list of companies with the largest number of employees in the world, namely 1,021,979 employees. Not only that, Sinopec also ranks 5th as the company with the largest revenue in the world. Sinopec Ltd., also known as China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation.

5. Hon Hai Precision Industry, Taiwan

Number of workers: 961 thousand people Since its foundation in 1974, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd., also known as Foxconn Technology Group in Taiwan. The company is recognized as the world’s largest electronic contract manufacturer in terms of sales. Even though it was founded in Taiwan, Hon Hai also built 19 factories in various cities in China. Currently, Hon Hai is known to have 961 thousand employees.

6. China Post Group, China

Number of workers: 89,307 people China Post Group is one of the most prominent companies in China, employing 889,307 people in its company. From the time of the Shang Dynasti, postal services in China continued to expand until the China Post Group was founded in 1949.

7.U.S. Postal Service (USPS), USA

Number of workers: 601,601 people The USPS of the United States started its mail delivery service in 1775 during the Second Continental Congress. During this time, the first person appointed to lead him was Benjamin Franklin. On March 21, 2013, the postal company was assigned to stay open on Saturdays. The decision is valid until 30 September.

Read Too:Worksheets For Vocational School Well Prepared

8. Volkswagen, Germany Number of workers: 501,956 people

Located in Germany, Volkswagen is the largest manufacturing producer there. This company sells the most cars worldwide. The three most famous cars it produces are the Volkswagen Passat, Volkswagen Golf and Volkswagen Beetle.

9. China Telecommunications, China

Number of workers: 491,447 people As a state telecommunications company, China Telecom is the largest telephone line provider in the country and the third largest mobile telecommunications service provider in China. Not only that, China Telecom also has the largest wireless internet access in China. So it is not surprising that until now, the company has employed 491,447 employees.

10. Aviation Industry Corporation of China, China

Number of workers: 480,147 people The company which is also the pride of the Chinese nation has 480,147 workers. The company has been established for 52 years to be precise since 17 April 1951. As a Chinese state-owned aerospace company, the Aviation Industry Corporation of China continues to develop the design and production of combat aircraft, fighter-bombers, trainers and turbojet engines, reconnaissance aircraft, air-to-air missiles, turbo fan engines, and surface-to missiles. -air

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Warisan permainan entah bagaimana terkait dengan budaya Cina. Budaya Cina telah menjadi rumah bagi berbagai perjudian. Keno, permainan Cina yang populer adalah salah satu bentuk permainan lotere asli. Keno telah berkembang selama ribuan tahun dan sekarang dimainkan dalam berbagai versi yang diencerkan di ratusan kasino di seluruh dunia bola88.

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Worksheets For Vocational School Well Prepared Worksheets For Vocational School Well Prepared

hflabour.org.uk On this occasion we will provide a number of articles relating to the discussion of the Vocational School Worksheet for Making Workforce Ready. Some of the articles that we will present to you this time, can be very helpful if you want to find information related to LKS SMK Make Workforce Ready. And on this occasion we will provide a number of articles that discuss and review the Vocational School Worksheets for Making Workforce Ready

The Human Resources and Human Resources Development and Development Agency (BPSDM) of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry conducts guidance on five State Forestry Vocational Schools and around 26 other Vocational Schools that have forestry majors under the Ministry of Education and Culture in the context of the formation of intermediate technical personnel in the field of forestry who are skilled, reliable, and ready work.

The Forestry Vocational School LKS which took the theme ‘Advanced Foresters of Indonesia Advanced’ to support the government’s commitment in human resource development that focuses on the development of vocational education.
Forestry Vocational School Student Competency Competition (LKS) is a showcase of the ability of Forestry Vocational School students across Indonesia in mastering four areas of expertise competency, namely Competency Competency in Forest Inventory and Mapping Techniques (TIPH), Forest Product Production Engineering (TPHH), Reclamation Engineering and Forest Rehabilitation (TRRH), and Resource Conservation Techniques (TKSDH).

1. LKS Forestry Vocational School is a media to hone the ability to master the field and build the character and the fighting spirit of students
The LKS is also a means to bring together Forestry Vocational Schools with the business world and the industrial world (DUDI), government agencies and other potential partners. In addition, this worksheet is also a media to hone the ability to master the field and build the character and fighting spirit of students of the Forestry Vocational School.

The purpose of LKS activities is as follows.
– Providing a vehicle for students of Forestry Vocational School to hone a positive, productive, creative, innovative character, and love for nature and the environment;
– Motivating Forestry Vocational School students to improve their expertise in accordance with competency standards that can attract business and industry interests;
Promote student work performance and improve the image of Forestry Vocational Schools;
– Opening opportunities for more intensive cooperation between the Forestry Vocational School and the business / industrial world (DUDI), professional associations, and various other parties;
– Provides a means of developing and recognizing work excellence for students of Forestry Vocational School who have competency.

Also Read :Incoming Of 10 Milllion Chinese Workers

2. LKS SMK Forestry is expected to be born reliable and competent foresters who are reliable and competent
The LKS is held for two days, namely Friday and Saturday (15-16 November 2019), located at Ir Lukito Daryadi Arboretum, MSc, Manggala Wanabakti Complex, Jl Gatot Subroto, Jakarta, and in Forest Areas with Special Purpose (KHDTK) Rumpin, BDLHK Bogor. This worksheet consists of a series of activities, namely the Competency Competency Competition (LKK), Jungle Cruising, and Night Foresters.

It is hoped that through this LKS can be born superior foresters who graduated from the Forestry Vocational School who will become reliable and competent workforce according to DUDI needs or develop forestry entrepreneurship.

Incoming Of 10 Milllion Chinese Workers Incoming Of 10 Milllion Chinese Workers

hflabour.org.uk On this occasion we will provide several articles relating to the discussion of the 10 Million Chinese Workers. Some articles that we will present to you this time, can be very helpful if you want to find information related to the Chinese Million Workers 10 million. And on this occasion we will provide several articles that discuss and review about the Chinese Workers of 10 Million

President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo raised his voice about the problem of labor from China which is said to reach 10 million people in Indonesia. Is that right? When giving a speech at the Opening of Education of Ulama Cadre (PKU) XII, in Bogor, West Java, Wednesday (8/8), President Joko Widodo claimed to have heard the issue.

1. The number of workers from China is less than 10 million
Jokowi is too blunt. According to him, the total number of Chinese workers in Indonesia is only 23,000. That, too, continued the President, did not work continuously. “That is a turbine, a smelter. I checked. Indeed, we are not ready to do that, so they have to be here 3 months to 6 months to install this, “explained President Jokowi

2. Jokowi: compare with TKI in China
The president then asked all parties to compare with 80,000 Indonesians who work in China. In fact, he added, Indonesian workers (TKI) in Malaysia 1.2 million. When receiving PM Mahathir Mohammad’s visit, President Jokowi admitted that the problem of Indonesian migrant workers (TKI) in Malaysia was briefly alluded to.

“I say the way it is. Yes that has been happening for years, and I ask Mahathir for protection, legalization, protection so that everything becomes clear, “the President said. Although there are many legal and illegal Indonesian migrant workers there, the President continued, Malaysia is not noisy. The president also said that there are around 500 thousand legal workers in Saudi Arabia. “The illegal is more than that,” he added.

3. Comparison of foreign workers with residents
Not only that, Jokowi also compared the number of foreign workers in Indonesia with a population of only 0.03 percent. “Not even one percent. We have to convey the numbers so that the issue will not go anywhere, “he stressed.

President Jokowi compared with foreign workers in the United Arab Emirates who were all 80 percent foreign, and they were happy there were no problems. Likewise in Saudi Arabia 33 percent are foreign workers. The President emphasized that the government is trying to bring in investment, because one of its aims is to open up as many jobs as possible for the people, not for others.

This rule is reaping the pros and cons. Businessmen welcomed enthusiastically, while the workers (working class) tended to be negative and some even openly refused. The 6th President of Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) also took a vote in relation to the TKA polemic. He asked the government to explain clearly about this matter.

1. SBY questions the number of foreign workers in Indonesia
SBY in the presence of scholars, umaro, and community leaders in the series of the Tour de Banten at The Royal Krakatau Hotel, Banten, questioned the news about the invasion of foreign workers (TKA) who entered Indonesia. straightforward, transparent, honest. Actually, how many foreign workers are there, how many tens of thousands, or tens of thousands or hundreds of thousands? We don’t know, “said SBY in his written statement on Monday (4/23).

2. Exchange of Foreign Workers is common
SBY said, it is common for the exchange of skilled workers between Indonesia and neighboring countries, if the two parties need each other. “The exchange of expert labor between Indonesia and neighboring countries is indeed common, if mutual need. The cooperation is regulated in ASEAN Laws, “said SBY.

3. Dangerous if TKA comes massively
According to SBY, what is dangerous is if there is a massive foreign worker entering Indonesia, causing unemployment to be soaring. “Which should not be, what is dangerous, if large numbers of foreign workers come. Why? Unemployment is still a lot, we also have many skilled workers and can work alone, why do we have to bring in large numbers of foreign workers, “he explained.

Also Read :Tangerang Became The Most Favourite Foreign Worker

4. Ask the government to explain to the public
That, according to SBY, must be explained by the government so that hoaks or false news are not circulated. “So instead of being slander, please either the president, whether the minister, whoever else explains to the people how many foreign workers enter Indonesia, from which country they are and work in what field, “he said.” The President and the Government of Indonesia must defend its people. We have a skilled workforce, too.The government must be brave. Thus, we become a host in our own country, “he concluded.

5. President Jokowi said that national interests are the government’s priority
Meanwhile, President Joko Widodo has repeatedly said national interests are the government’s priority. Perpres No. 20 on Foreign Workers only provides convenience in terms of licensing bureaucratic procedures and processes. According to Jokowi Foreign workers entering the country must still meet certain requirements, as a form of state control over Foreign Workers. “Foreign Workers’ License (TKA) is increasingly easy to boost foreign investment in the country, “Jokowi said as quoted by the official website of the Cabinet Secretary, Monday (23/4). Jokowi also instructed ministries to coordinate and integrate each other in managing the entry of foreign workers (TKA) to Indonesia.